工业制造中各类重金属废气处理方法

发布时间:2019-03-23 12:47              

重金属废气的基本处理方法包括:

过滤法、吸附法、吸收法、冷凝法、燃烧法。

汞及其化合物废气处理

一般处理方法:吸收法、吸附法、冷凝法和燃烧法

冷凝法:拉菲平台官网登陆适合净化回收高浓度的汞蒸汽,常作为吸收法和吸附法净化汞蒸汽的前处理。

吸收法:

拉菲平台官网登陆GAOMENGSUANJIARONGYEXISHOUFA-SHIYONGYUYIBIAODIANQICHANGDEHANGONGZHENGQI;

CILVSUANNARONGYEXISHOUFA-SHIYONGYUCHULISHUIYINFALVJIANCHANGHANGONGQINGQI;

拉菲平台官网登陆LIUSUAN-RUANMENGKUANGXISHOUFA-SHIYONGYUCHULILIANGONGWEIQIYIJIHANGONGZHENGQI;

ANYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYULVHUAGONGSHENGCHANFEIQIDEJINGHUA;

LVHUAFACHULIGONGZHENGQI 。

吸附法:

拉菲平台官网登陆CHONGLVHUOXINGTANXIFUFASHIYONGYUHANGONGFEIQICHULI;

HUOXINGTANXIFUFASHIYONGYULVYIXIHECHENGQIZHONGLVHUAGONGDEJINGHUA;

拉菲平台官网登陆XIAOHUAXIFUFASHIYONGYULEIGONGDECHULI。

燃烧法:

拉菲平台官网登陆SHIYONGYURANMEIDIANCHANGHANGONGYANQIDECHULI。CAIYONGXUNHUANLIUHUACHUANGRANMEIGUOLU,RANSHAOGUOCHENGZHONGTOUJIASHIHUISHI,YANQICAIYONGDIANCHUCHENHUODAICHUCHENJINGHUA。

铅及其化合物废气处理

铅及其化合物废气适合用吸收法处理。

SUANYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUJINGHUAYANGHUAQIANHEXUDIANCHISHENGCHANZHONGCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI,YEKEYONGYUJINGHUARONGHUAQIANSHISUOCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI。

拉菲平台官网登陆JIANYICAIQUERJIJINGHUAGONGYI:DIYIJICAIYONGDAILVQICHUQUJIAODAKELI;DIERJICAIYONGHUAXUEXISHOU。XISHOUJIYIBANCAIYONGCUSUAN。

JIANYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUJINGHUAHUAQIANGUO、YELIANLUCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI。XISHOUJIYIBANCAIYONGNaOHRONGYE。

砷、铬、镉及其化合物废气处理

拉菲平台官网登陆SHEN、GE、GEJIQIHUAHEWUFEIQITONGCHANGCAIYONGXISHOUFAHEGUOLVFACHULI。

HANSHENYANQIYINGCAIYONGLENGNING(200DUYIXIA)-CHUCHEN(DAICHUCHENQI)-SHIHUIRUXISHOUFACHULIGONGYI

拉菲平台官网登陆GE、GEJIQIHUAHEWUFEIQIYICAIYONGDAISHICHUCHENQIGUOLVCHULI(FENGSUXIAOYU1m/min)

几种重金属危害

ZHONGJINSHUFEIQIZHUYAOLAIYUANYUYOUSEYELIAN、DIANLI、HUAGONG、JIXIEJIAGONGDENGXINGYEZHONGCHANSHENGDEHANGONG、HANQIAN、HANSHENDENGJIQIHUAHEWUFEIQI,YOUSEYELIANXINGYEZHONGZHONGJINSHUTONGGUOFEIQIDEPAIFANGLIANGYIJINGCHAOGUOFEISHUIDEZHONGJINSHUPAIFANGLIANG,YANZHONGWEIXIEHUANJINGYURENLEIDEJIANKANG。

TONG(Cu)

JINSHUTONGDEDUXINGHENXIAO,DANTONGDEHUAHEWUKEYINQIZHONGDU。DANGRENTINEIDETONGCHAOGUORENTIXUYAOLIANGDE100~150BEISHIKEDAOZHIHUAISIXINGGANYAN、RONGXUEXINGPINXUEDENGZHENGZHUANG。LINCHUANGYANJIUFAXIANHENDUOAIZHENGHUANZHEXUEQINGTONGMINGXIANZENGDUO,XUEQINGTONGLANDANBAIZENGJIA。

DUIYONGLIUSUANTONGWEISHACHONGJIPENSAPUTAODEZHIYUANGONGRENJINXINGXIANGXICHOUYANGDIAOCHAFAXIANZHEIXIERENPUBIANCUNZAIZHEGANSUNSHANG。ERWUFUJIAODAJILIANGDETONGZHIJIHUILIJIYINQILIUXIAN、EXIN、OUTU、RONGXUE、HUANGJU、SHENGONGNENGSHUAIJIEHEZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGYIZHIDENGZHONGDUZHENGZHUANG。

QIAN(Pb)

QIANKEYITONGGUOHUXIDAOHEXIAOHUADAOJINRURENTI,ZHANGQIJIECHUNONGDUZAI50mg/LYISHANGDEQIAN,BIANHUIZHONGDU。QIANDUIQUANSHENGEQIGUANJUNYOUDUHAIZUOYONG,DANYISHENJINGXITONG、XUEYEHEXIN XUEGUANXITONGWEISHEN。MANXINGZHONGDUZUICHANGJIANDEZHENGZHUANGWEIPINXUE、FUJIAOTONGHEQIANZHONGDUXINGGANYAN。ZAISHENJINGXITONGFANGMIANDEZHENGZHUANGWEIZHIWUSHENJINGSHUAIRUOHEDUOFAXINGSHENJINGYAN,BIAOXIANWEINAOXIACHUITIQIANZHONGDUSHENJINGMABI,YANZHONGZHEKEFASHENGQIANXINGNAOBING。

XIN(Zn)

YOUSHIYANBIAOMINGTINEIGAOXINHUIDAOZHIXUEZHONGGAOMIDUZHIDANBAIXIAJIANGERCUFADONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUA,XINGUOGAOHAILIYUAIZHONGDEFASHENG。YINGGUOBEIWEIERSHIDENGDITURANGZHONGHANXINGAO,QIWEIAIHEXIAOHUA DAOBUWEIAIZHONGFASHENGLVYEGAO 。

GONGYEXINZHONGDUKESHIGEZHONGLEIXINGDEAIZHONGFASHENGLVSHENGGAO,ZHANGQIDIJILIANGHUODUANQIDAJILIANGBAOLUYUXINZHONG,KEZHIJI、MANXINGXINZHONGDU。

TIE(Fe)

拉菲平台官网登陆YANJIURENYUANZAOJIFAXIANHANTIEXUEHONGSUCHENZHEZHENGSHITIEZAITINEIGUODUOBINGCHENZHEYUNEIZANGYINQIDE。YING、MEIDENGGUOJIACENGBAODAOTIEKUANGGONGRENZHONGFEIAIFASHENGLVGAO,QIEBIYIBANRENFEIAISIWANGLVGAO70%。TIEKECUSHIZHONGLIUXIBAOXUNSUSHENGZHANG。

NIE(Ni)

NIEDEDUXINGSUIRANJIAOXIAO,DANYOUJIXUZUOYONGQIESHIZHIAIWUZHI。NIEJIYIZAISHEN、PI、GANZHONGXUJI。

JINGCHANGJIECHUNIEYAN,PIFUHUICHANSHENGSHIZHENJIPIYANDENGZHENGZHUANG。

GE(Cr)

拉菲平台官网登陆GEHUAHEWUZHONGYILIUJIAGEDUXINGZUIQIANG,SANJIAGECIZHI,ERJIAGEHEGEBENSHENDEDUXINGHENXIAO。

GEHUAHEWUKETONGGUOXIAOHUADAO、HUXIDAO、PIFUHEZHANMOJINRURENTI。JINGXIAOHUADAOJINRURENTIKEYINQIEXIN、OUTU、FUTONG,YENENGYINQIKUIYANGBING;JINGHUXIDAOJINRURENTISHI,SHOUXIANQINHAISHANGHUXIDAO,YINQIBIYAN、YANYAN、ZHIQIGUANYANDENG。

汞及其化合物废气处理

汞及其化合物废气一般处理方法是:吸收法,吸附法,冷凝法和燃烧法。

拉菲平台官网登陆LENGNINGFAYIYONGYUJINGHUAHUISHOUGAONONGDUDEGONGZHENGQI,KECAIQUCHANGYAHEJIAYALIANGZHONGFANGSHI,CHANGZUOWEIXISHOUFAHEXIFUFAJINGHUAGONGZHENGQIDEQIANCHULI。

针对不同的工业生产工艺,较为成熟的吸收法处理工艺有:

a)GAOMENGSUANJIARONGYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUCHULIYIBIAODIANQICHANGDEHANGONGZHENGQI,XUNHUANXISHOUYEYIWEI0.3%~0.6% KMnO4RONGYE,KMnO4LIYONGLVJIAODI,YINGKAOLVXISHOUYEDEJISHIBUCHONG;

拉菲平台官网登陆b)CILVSUANNARONGYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUCHULISHUIYINFALVJIANCHANGHANGONGQINGQI,XISHOUYEYIWEINaClYUNaClODEHUNHESHUIRONGYE,CIXISHOUYELAIYUANGUANG,DANCIGONGYILIUCHENGFUZA,CAOZUOTIAOJIANBUYIKONGZHI;

拉菲平台官网登陆c)LIUSUAN-RUANMENGKUANGXISHOUFASHIYONGYUCHULILIANGONGWEIQIYIJIHANGONGZHENGQI,XISHOUYEWEILIUSUAN-RUANMENGKUANGDEXUANZHUOYE;

d)LVHUAFACHULIGONGZHENGQI:YANQIJINRUTUOGONGTA,ZAITANEIYUPENLINDEHgCl2RONGYENILIUXIDI,YANQIZHONGDEGONGZHENGQIBEIHgCl2RONGYEYANGHUASHENGCHENGHg2Cl2CHENDIAN,CONGERJIANGGONGQUCHU。Hg2Cl2CHENDIANJUDU,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGXUJIAQIANGGUANLIHECAOZUO。

拉菲平台官网登陆CHONGLVHUOXINGTANXIFUFAYIYONGYUHANGONGFEIQICHULI。HUOXINGTANCENGXUYUXIANCHONGLV,HANGONGZHENGQIXUYUCHUCHEN,GONGYUHUOXINGTANBIAOMIANDECl2FANYINGSHENGCHENGHgCl2,DADAOCHUGONGMUDE。

拉菲平台官网登陆RANSHAOFAYIYONGYURANMEIDIANCHANGHANGONGYANQIDECHULI。CAIYONGXUNHUANLIUHUACHUANGRANMEIGUOLU,RANSHAOGUOCHENGZHONGTOUJIASHIHUISHI,YANQICAIYONGDIANCHUCHENQIHUODAICHUCHENQIJINGHUA。

废气中重点控制的汞的化合物包括氯化汞和雷汞。

a)HUOXINGTANXIFUFAYIYONGYULVYIXIHECHENGQIZHONGLVHUAGONGDEJINGHUA;

拉菲平台官网登陆b)ANYEXISHOUFAYIYONGYULVHUAGONGSHENGCHANFEIQIDEJINGHUA;

c)XIAOHUAXIFUFAYIYONGYULEIGONGDECHULI。

铅及其化合物废气处理

铅及其化合物废气宜用吸收法处理。

SUANYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUJINGHUAYANGHUAQIANHEXUDIANCHISHENGCHANZHONGCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI,YEKEYONGYUJINGHUARONGHUAQIANSHISUOCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI。YICAIYONGERJIJINGHUAGONGYI:DIYIJIYONGDAILVQICHUQUJIAODAKELI;DIERJIYONGHUAXUEXISHOU。XISHOUJI(CUSUAN)DEFUSHIXINGQIANG,YINGXUANYONGFANGFUSHIXINGNENGGAODESHEBEI;

JIANYEXISHOUFASHIYONGYUJINGHUAHUAQIANGUO、YELIANLUCHANSHENGDEHANQIANYANQI。HANQIANYANQIJINRUCHONGJISHIJINGHUAQIJINXINGCHUCHENJIXISHOU。XISHOUJINaOHRONGYEFUSHIXINGQIANG,YINGXUANYONGFANGFUSHIXINGNENGGAODESHEBEI。

砷、镉、铬及其化合物废气处理

砷、镉、铬及其化合物废气通常采用吸收法和过滤法处理

HANSHENYANQIYICAIYONGLENGNING-CHUCHEN-SHIHUIRUXISHOUFACHULIGONGYI。HANSHENYANQIJINGLENGQUEZHI200℃YIXIA,ZHENGQIZHUANGTAIDEYANGHUASHENXUNSULENGNINGWEIWEILI,JINGDAICHUCHENQIJINGHUAHOU,WEIQIJINRUPENWUTA,YONGSHIHUIRUXIDI,JINGHUAHOU,WEIQICHUWU,JINGYINFENGJIPAIKONG。HANSHENYANQIYIKEZAISULIAOBAN(HUOGUAN)ZHICHENGDEXISHOUQINEIZHUANGRUQIANGSUANXINGBAOHEGAOMENGSUANJIARONGYE,JINXINGDUOJICHUANLIANGUPAOXISHOU。

拉菲平台官网登陆GE、GEJIQIHUAHEWUFEIQIYICAIYONGDAISHICHUCHENQIZAIFENGSUXIAOYU1 m/minSHIGUOLVCHULI。YANQIWENDUJIAOGAOXUYAOCAIQUBAOWENCUOSHI。

QIANHANHUANBAOZUOWEIFEIQIZHILIXINGYEDELINGJUNQIYE,ZICHENGLIYILAI,JIANCHIGAOBIAOZHUN、YANYAOQIU,SUZAOLEYIZHIJINGYANFENGFU、JISHUJINGZHANDEZHISHIHUAZHUANYEDUIWU,GONGSIZAIJIANCHIZIZHUKAIFADETONGSHI,YINJINXISHOUYISELIE、HANGUO、AODALIYA、MEIGUODENGGUOJIADUOXIANGXIANJINHUANBAOJISHU,BINGMIQIEJIAQIANGYUYUXIANJIAOTONGDAXUE、HUADONGLIGONGDAXUE、SHANGHAIHUANKEYUAN、ECHOUZHILIGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHIDENGGUONEIYANJIUJIGOUDEHEZUO。WOMENJIANGYIKEKAODEJISHU、ZUIJIADEFANGANSHEJI、JINGLIANGDESHEBEIJIAGONGNENGLI、ZHUANYEDESHIGONGDUIWUJIZHOUDAODESHOUHOUFUWU,WEIQIYEDEFEIQIWURANWENTITIGONGXITONGHUAJIEJUEFANGAN。

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